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Are you looking for the **best abstract algebra books**? If your answer is yes, then take a look at following text and download your requried **free pdf books**. Before starting the topic **best abstract algebra books** you have to know about what is abstract algebra?

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**Abstract Algebra Books **. We hope students and teachers like these **textbooks**, notes and **solution manuals**.

** Abstract Algebra Introduction:-**

Abstract algebra (also known as modern algebra) is the set of advanced topics of algebra that deal with algebraic structures. Algebraic structures is include groups, rings, fields, modules, vector spaces, lattices, and algebras.

It is branch of mathematics concerned with the general algebraic structure of various sets (such as real numbers, complex numbers, matrices, and vector spaces), rather than rules and procedures for manipulating their individual elements.

The term abstract algebra was coined in the early 20th century to distinguish this area of study from older parts of algebra, and more specifically from elementary algebra, the use of variables to represent numbers in computation and reasoning. Algebraic structures, with their associated homomorphisms, form mathematical categories. Category theory is a formalism that allows a unified way for expressing properties and constructions that are similar for various structures.

** Branches of Abstract Algebra:-**

Important branches of abstract algebra are commutative algebra, representation theory, and homological algebra. Sometimes Linear algebra, elementary number theory, and discrete mathematics are considered branches of abstract algebra.

Ash (1998) includes the following areas in his definition of abstract algebra: logic and foundations, counting, elementary number theory, informal set theory, linear algebra, and the theory of linear operators.

** Applications of Abstract Algebra :-**

Abstract algebra is widely used in computer sciences, physics and chemistry. In addition it provides the foundation for the study of advanced mathematics.

** Applications of Aabstract Algebra in Physics:-**

Algebra dealing with quantities in addition to vectors calculus, from this fact we might call it quantum algebra, but this is not related to quantization as a physical concept related to the quantization of energy and other physical operators. Of cource quantum mechanics use algebra a lot in its mathematical formalism in quantum physics. Non commutative algebra is at the heart of fundamentals of quantum physics.

Particle physics is based upon abstract algebra: groups, representations of finite groups, Lie groups and Lie algebras and also their representations. Abstract Algebra is used quite a bit in Quantum Field Theory to represent the Lorentz Group.

In physics, groups are used to represent symmetry operations, and we know the usage of group theory could simplify differential equations.

** Applications of Aabstract Algebra in Computer Science:-**

Abstract algebra is applied in many fields of computer science and is a basic method of modeling problems. Abstract algebra is use widly in machine learning, data science, statistics, computer graphics, animations and many other computer topics.

With the development of computing in the last several decades, applications that involve abstract algebra and discrete mathematics have become increasingly important, because of this many science, engineering, and computer science students are now electing to minor in mathematics. There’s actually quite a lot of abstract algebra uses in programming.

Almost every time we use the “%” remainder function, we are actually considering a cyclic group. Even if we don’t know exactly what a cyclic group is, we have probably used results from the branch of abstract algebra (eg the mod of a sum is the sum of the mods).

For 3D rotations, AB does not equal BA - rotations don’t commute. So we need a form of algebra which does not have the equivalent of AB = BA. There are a couple of abstract algebras which correspond to rotations in 3D space, of which the purest is quaternion algebra. Abstract Algebra Used a lot in 3D graphics.

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