You should must be careful about order of operations when using negative numbers or negative exponents.

-n n -n
If x , -x , -x then
-n
x means x raise to power -n
n
-x means -x raise to power n
-n
-x means -x raise to power -n

Any number x raise to a negative power -n is same as 1 over the number raised to positive power n, i.e.

-n 1
x = ------
n
x

Similarly any number x raise to a power n is same as 1 over the number raised to negative power n, i.e.

n 1
x = ------
-n
x

When apply the addition rule of exponents will still work with negative exponents.

n -n n+(-n) n-n 0
x × x = x = x = x = 1
-n n -n+n 0
x × x = x = x = 1

Therefore x^n and x^-n is are reciprocal of each other and multiplcative inverse of each other.

In other words multiplication of x to power n and its reciprocal x to power -n or multiplication of x to power -n and its reciprocal x to power n is same as dividing x to power n by x to power n.

Conclusion

1. x^n and x^-n are reciprocal of each other. 2. x^n and x^-n are multiplcative inverse of each other.