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Principles of Physics: A Calculus-Based Text (Fifth Edtion) by Raymond A. Serway and John W. Jewett



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Principles of Physics: A Calculus-Based Text (Fifth Edtion) written by Raymond A. Serway and John W. Jewett . This is a great book on topic "Principal of Physics". This is fifth edition of the book.

Principles of Physics: A Calculus-Based Text (Fifth Edtion) written by Raymond A. Serway and John W. Jewett cover the following topics.



  • About the Authors
    Preface
    To the Student
    Life Science Applications and Problems
    An Invitation to Physics

  • 1. Introduction and Vectors
    1.1 Standards of Length, Mass, and Time
    1.2 Dimensional Analysis
    1.3 Conversion of Units
    1.4 Order-of-Magnitude Calculations
    1.5 Signifi cant Figures
    1.6 Coordinate Systems
    1.7 Vectors and Scalars
    1.8 Some Properties of Vectors
    1.9 Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors
    1.10 Modeling, Alternative Representations, and Problem-Solving Strategy

  • 2. Motion in One Dimension
    2.1 Average Velocity
    2.2 Instantaneous Velocity
    2.3 Analysis Model: Particle Under Constant Velocity
    2.4 Acceleration
    2.5 Motion Diagrams
    2.6 Analysis Model: Particle Under Constant Acceleration
    2.7 Freely Falling Objects
    2.8 Context Connection: Acceleration Required by Consumers

  • 3. Motion in Two Dimensions
    3.1 The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors
    3.2 Two-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration
    3.3 Projectile Motion
    3.4 Analysis Model: Particle in Uniform Circular Motion
    3.5 Tangential and Radial Acceleration
    3.6 Relative Velocity and Relative Acceleration
    3.7 Context Connection: Lateral Acceleration of Automobiles

  • 4. The Laws of Motion
    4.1 The Concept of Force
    4.2 Newton’s First Law
    4.3 Mass
    4.4 Newton’s Second Law
    4.5 The Gravitational Force and Weight
    4.6 Newton’s Third Law
    4.7 Analysis Models Using Newton’s Second Law
    4.8 Context Connection: Forces on Automobiles

  • 5. More Applications of Newton’s Laws
    5.1 Forces of Friction
    5.2 Extending the Particle in Uniform Circular Motion Model
    5.3 Nonuniform Circular Motion
    5.4 Motion in the Presence of Velocity-Dependent Resistive Forces
    5.5 The Fundamental Forces of Nature
    5.6 Context Connection: Drag Coeffi cients of Automobiles

  • 6. Energy of a System
    6.1 Systems and Environments
    6.2 Work Done by a Constant Force
    6.3 The Scalar Product of Two Vectors
    6.4 Work Done by a Varying Force
    6.5 Kinetic Energy and the Work–Kinetic Energy Theorem
    6.6 Potential Energy of a System
    6.7 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces
    6.8 Relationship Between Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
    6.9 Potential Energy for Gravitational and Electric Forces
    6.10 Energy Diagrams and Equilibrium of a System
    6.11 Context Connection: Potential Energy in Fuels

  • 7. Conservation of Energy
    7.1 Analysis Model: Nonisolated System (Energy)
    7.2 Analysis Model: Isolated System (Energy)
    7.3 Analysis Model: Nonisolated System in Steady State (Energy)
    7.4 Situations Involving Kinetic Friction
    7.5 Changes in Mechanical Energy for Nonconservative Forces
    7.6 Power
    7.7 Context Connection: Horsepower Ratings of Automobiles

  • 8. Momentum and Collisions
    8.1 Linear Momentum
    8.2 Analysis Model: Isolated System (Momentum)
    8.3 Analysis Model: Nonisolated System (Momentum)
    8.4 Collisions in One Dimension
    8.5 Collisions in Two Dimensions
    8.6 The Center of Mass
    8.7 Motion of a System of Particles
    8.8 Context Connection: Rocket Propulsion

  • 9. Relativity
    9.1 The Principle of Galilean Relativity
    9.2 The Michelson–Morley Experiment
    9.3 Einstein’s Principle of Relativity
    9.4 Consequences of Special Relativity
    9.5 The Lorentz Transformation Equations
    9.6 Relativistic Momentum and the Relativistic Form of Newton’s Laws
    9.7 Relativistic Energy
    9.8 Mass and Energy
    9.9 General Relativity
    9.10 Context Connection: From Mars to the Stars

  • 10. Rotational Motion
    10.1 Angular Position, Speed, and Acceleration
    10.2 Analysis Model: Rigid Object Under Constant Angular Acceleration
    10.3 Relations Between Rotational and Translational Quantities
    10.4 Rotational Kinetic Energy
    10.5 Torque and the Vector Product
    10.6 Analysis Model: Rigid Object in Equilibrium
    10.7 Analysis Model: Rigid Object Under a Net Torque
    10.8 Energy Considerations in Rotational Motion
    10.9 Analysis Model: Nonisolated System (Angular Momentum)
    10.10 Analysis Model: Isolated System (Angular Momentum)
    10.11 Precessional Motion of Gyroscopes
    10.12 Rolling Motion of Rigid Objects
    10.13 Context Connection: Turning the Spacecraft

  • 11. Gravity, Planetary Orbits, and the Hydrogen Atom
    11.1 Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation Revisited
    11.2 Structural Models
    11.3 Kepler’s Laws
    11.4 Energy Considerations in Planetary and Satellite Motion
    11.5 Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Theory of Hydrogen
    11.6 Context Connection: Changing from a Circular to an Elliptical Orbit

  • 12. Oscillatory Motion
    12.1 Motion of an Object Attached to a Spring
    12.2 Analysis Model: Particle in Simple Harmonic Motion
    12.3 Energy of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator
    12.4 The Simple Pendulum
    12.5 The Physical Pendulum
    12.6 Damped Oscillations
    12.7 Forced Oscillations
    12.8 Context Connection: Resonance in Structures

  • 13. Mechanical Waves
    13.1 Propagation of a Disturbance
    13.2 Analysis Model: Traveling Wave
    13.3 The Speed of Transverse Waves on Strings
    13.4 Refl ection and Transmission
    13.5 Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on Strings
    13.6 Sound Waves
    13.7 The Doppler Eff ect
    13.8 Context Connection: Seismic Waves

  • 14. Superposition and Standing Waves
    14.1 Analysis Model: Waves in Interference
    14.2 Standing Waves
    14.3 Analysis Model: Waves Under Boundary Conditions
    14.4 Standing Waves in Air Columns
    14.5 Beats: Interference in Time
    14.6 Nonsinusoidal Wave Patterns
    14.7 The Ear and Theories of Pitch Perception
    14.8 Context Connection: Building on Antinodes

  • 15. Fluid Mechanics
    15.1 Pressure
    15.2 Variation of Pressure with Depth
    15.3 Pressure Measurements
    15.4 Buoyant Forces and Archimedes’s Principle
    15.5 Fluid Dynamics
    15.6 Streamlines and the Continuity Equation for Fluids
    15.7 Bernoulli’s Equation
    15.8 Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics
    15.9 Context Connection: Turbulent Flow of Blood

  • 16. Temperature and the Kinetic Theory of Gases
    16.1 Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
    16.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales
    16.3 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids
    16.4 Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas
    16.5 The Kinetic Theory of Gases
    16.6 Distribution of Molecular Speeds
    16.7 Context Connection: The Atmospheric Lapse Rate

  • 17. Energy in Thermal Processes: The First Law of Thermodynamics
    17.1 Heat and Internal Energy
    17.2 Specifi c Heat
    17.3 Latent Heat
    17.4 Work in Thermodynamic Processes
    17.5 The First Law of Thermodynamics
    17.6 Some Applications of the First Law of Thermodynamics
    17.7 Molar Specifi c Heats of Ideal Gases
    17.8 Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas
    17.9 Molar Specifi c Heats and the Equipartition of Energy
    17.10 Energy Transfer Mechanisms in Thermal Processes
    17.11 Context Connection: Energy Balance for the Earth

  • 18. Heat Engines, Entropy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
    18.1 Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
    18.2 Reversible and Irreversible Processes
    18.3 The Carnot Engine
    18.4 Heat Pumps and Refrigerators
    18.5 An Alternative Statement of the Second Law
    18.6 Entropy
    18.7 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
    18.8 Entropy Changes in Irreversible Processes
    18.9 Context Connection: The Atmosphere as a Heat Engine

  • 19. Electric Forces and Electric Fields
    19.1 Historical Overview
    19.2 Properties of Electric Charges
    19.3 Insulators and Conductors
    19.4 Coulomb’s Law
    19.5 Electric Fields
    19.6 Electric Field Lines
    19.7 Motion of Charged Particles in a Uniform Electric Field
    19.8 Electric Flux
    19.9 Gauss’s Law
    19.10 Application of Gauss’s Law to Various Charge Distributions
    19.11 Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium
    19.12 Context Connection: The Atmospheric Electric Field

  • 20. Electric Potential And Capacitance
    20.1 Electric Potential and Potential Diff erence
    20.2 Potential Diff erence in a Uniform Electric Field
    20.3 Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Charges
    20.4 Obtaining the Value of the Electric Field from the Electric Potential
    20.5 Electric Potential Due to Continuous Charge Distributions
    20.6 Electric Potential Due to a Charged Conductor
    20.7 Capacitance
    20.8 Combinations of Capacitors
    20.9 Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor
    20.10 Capacitors with Dielectrics
    20.11 Context Connection: The Atmosphere as a Capacitor

  • 21. Current and Direct Current Circuits
    21.1 Electric Current
    21.2 Resistance and Ohm’s Law
    21.3 Superconductors
    21.4 A Model for Electrical Conduction
    21.5 Energy and Power in Electric Circuits
    21.6 Sources of emf
    21.7 Resistors in Series and Parallel
    21.8 Kirchhoff ’s Rules
    21.9 RC Circuits
    21.10 Context Connection: The Atmosphere as a Conductor

  • 22. Magnetic Forces and Magnetic Fields
    22.1 Historical Overview
    22.2 The Magnetic Field
    22.3 Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform Magnetic Field
    22.4 Applications Involving Charged Particles Moving in a Magnetic Field
    22.5 Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor
    22.6 Torque on a Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field
    22.7 The Biot–Savart Law
    22.8 The Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors
    22.9 Ampère’s Law
    22.10 The Magnetic Field of a Solenoid
    22.11 Magnetism in Matter
    22.12 Context Connection: Remote Magnetic Navigation for Cardiac Catheter Ablation Procedures

  • 23. Faraday’s Law And Inductance
    23.1 Faraday’s Law of Induction
    23.2 Motional emf
    23.3 Lenz’s Law
    23.4 Induced emfs and Electric Fields
    23.5 Inductance
    23.6 RL Circuits
    23.7 Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field
    23.8 Context Connection: The Use of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Depression

  • 24. Electromagnetic Waves
    24.1 Displacement Current and the Generalized Form of Ampère’s Law
    24.2 Maxwell’s Equations and Hertz’s Discoveries
    24.3 Electromagnetic Waves
    24.4 Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves
    24.5 Momentum and Radiation Pressure
    24.6 The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves
    24.7 Polarization of Light Waves
    24.8 Context Connection: The Special Properties of Laser Light

  • 25. Reflection and Refraction of Light
    25.1 The Nature of Light
    25.2 The Ray Model in Geometric Optics
    25.3 Analysis Model: Wave Under Refl ection
    25.4 Analysis Model: Wave Under Refraction
    25.5 Dispersion and Prisms
    25.6 Huygens’s Principle
    25.7 Total Internal Refl ection
    25.8 Context Connection: Optical Fibers

  • 26. Image Formation by Mirrors and Lenses
    26.1 Images Formed by Flat Mirrors
    26.2 Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors
    26.3 Images Formed by Refraction
    26.4 Images Formed by Thin Lenses
    26.5 The Eye
    26.6 Context Connection: Some Medical Applications

  • 27. Wave Optics
    27.1 Conditions for Interference
    27.2 Young’s Double-Slit Experiment
    27.3 Analysis Model: Waves in Interference
    27.4 Change of Phase Due to Refl ection
    27.5 Interference in Thin Films
    27.6 Diff raction Patterns
    27.7 Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Apertures
    27.8 The Diff raction Grating
    27.9 Diff raction of X-Rays by Crystals
    27.10 Context Connection: Holography

  • 28. Quantum Physics
    28.1 Blackbody Radiation and Planck’s Theory
    28.2 The Photoelectric Eff ect
    28.3 The Compton Eff ect
    28.4 Photons and Electromagnetic Waves
    28.5 The Wave Properties of Particles
    28.6 A New Model: The Quantum Particle
    28.7 The Double-Slit Experiment Revisited
    28.8 The Uncertainty Principle
    28.9 An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
    28.10 A Particle in a Box
    28.11 Analysis Model: Quantum Particle Under Boundary Conditions
    28.12 The Schrödinger Equation
    28.13 Tunneling Through a Potential Energy Barrier
    28.14 Context Connection: The Cosmic Temperature

  • 29. Atomic Physics
    29.1 Early Structural Models of the Atom
    29.2 The Hydrogen Atom Revisited
    29.3 The Wave Functions for Hydrogen
    29.4 Physical Interpretation of the Quantum Numbers
    29.5 The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table
    29.6 More on Atomic Spectra: Visible and X-Ray
    29.7 Context Connection: Atoms in Space

  • 30. Nuclear Physics
    30.1 Some Properties of Nuclei
    30.2 Nuclear Binding Energy
    30.3 Radioactivity
    30.4 The Radioactive Decay Processes
    30.5 Nuclear Reactions
    30.6 Context Connection: The Engine of the Stars

  • 31. Particle Physics
    31.1 The Fundamental Forces in Nature
    31.2 Positrons and Other Antiparticles
    31.3 Mesons and the Beginning of Particle Physics
    31.4 Classifi cation of Particles
    31.5 Conservation Laws
    31.6 Strange Particles and Strangeness
    31.7 Measuring Particle Lifetimes
    31.8 Finding Patterns in the Particles
    31.9 Quarks
    31.10 Multicolored Quarks
    31.11 The Standard Model
    31.12 Context Connection: Investigating the Smallest System to Understand the Largest

  • Appendix
    a Tables
    A.1 Conversion Factors
    A.2 Symbols, Dimensions, and Units of Physical Quantities
    A.3 Chemical and Nuclear Information for Selected Isotopes
    B Mathematics Review
    B.1 Scientifi c Notation
    B.2 Algebra
    B.3 Geometry
    B.4 Trigonometry
    B.5 Series Expansions
    B.6 Diff erential Calculus
    B.7 Integral Calculus
    B.8 Propagation of Uncertainty
    C Periodic Table of the Elements
    D SI Units
    D.1 SI Units
    D.2 Some Derived SI Units
    Answers to Quick Quizzes and Odd-Numbered Problems
    Index

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